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– Parking Meter –
Learn English – Lesson 11 – Parking Meter
Jess: Hi, Sam.
Sam: Hi, Jess. Where is Chris?
Jess: He has gone to put money in the parking meter.
Sam: Has he been gone long?
Jess: He went 5 minutes ago. He will be back soon. Are you okay?
Sam: I took Sarah to Morocco last week. Every night we were there, I was awoken by Sarah because she jumped out of bed.
Jess: She jumped out of bed! Why?
Sam: She was having a panic attack, I think.
Jess: Is she okay?
Sam: I have spoken to her but she is reluctant to talk about it.
Jess: Maybe it was being in a strange place.
Sam: I think that she is having nightmares. I went to the library and found a book about dreams. I have read it. But I don’t know what to do to help Sarah.
Jess: She is visiting grandparents this weekend. But when she returns I can talk to her if you want.
Sam: That will be a great help! Thank you so much Jess!
Jess: Not a problem! Ah, here’s Chris now! Let’s order some food!
Interactive Video Comprehension Quiz 1:
Summary Statements Comprehension Quiz 2:
Drag and Drop Quiz 3:
It is important to be able to define between the Present Perfect and the Past Simple. Let us refresh what we know about these tenses:
With the Present Perfect we often talk about something that started in the past and continues in the present. The timeline is not important, usually we are more interested in the subject or action and put little emphasis on when the action occurred.
Andrew has gone to the cinema.
I have studied Maths.
With Past Simple we often use a word or expression of finished time. The most obvious ones being: yesterday, a week ago, last year and other such interchangeable forms. These are called time expressions and can appear at the beginning or the end of a sentence.
I came yesterday.
I travelled to Sydney a month ago.
Now take a look at these further examples, comparing similar situations but imparting separate pieces of information with regards to time expressions:
|Present Perfect||Past Simple|
|I have read a book.||I read a book a moment ago.|
|Leslie has gone to the cinema||Leslie went to the cinema 5 minutes ago|
|Have you ever read “The Quixote”?||Did you read “The Quixote” 2 years ago?|
|I haven’t sent the letter yet.||I sent the letter yesterday.|
|We have lived in Spain for 7 years.||We lived in Spain 7 years ago|
The passive voice
In Session 12 we will be studying the Passive voice. In this session we will take a brief look at the elements involved in this tense.
There are two types of “voice”. The Active voice and The Passive voice.
The Active voice follows the structure:
Subject + Verb + Object
The English drink tea
The Passive voice follows a different structure but maintains its meaning:
Patient subject + Passive verb + Complimentary agent
Tea is drunk by the English
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