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– Problems At Work –
Learn English – Lesson 12 – Problems At Work
Jess: Hi, Chris. What took you so long?
Chris: Sorry, I was talking to Peter. He works with Sam.
Sam: Ah yes, how is he?
Chris: He is a little angry. He said that they are letting people go. They have said that they are making cutbacks and they have told Peter that they have to fire people across all departments.
Sam: Oh no! Did he say when they were going to start?
Chris: Immediately. The firing is being done by Mr Stevenson.
Sam: Well, that’s me out of a job. Mr Stevenson doesn’t like me at all.
Chris: I’m sure that he cannot fire you because of personal feelings.
Sam: I was told once to photocopy and distribute a newsletter. I broke the photocopier. I found some of Mr Stevenson’s work in the copy tray so I blamed it on him.
Chris: Why did you do that?
Sam: It would have come out of my wages and Stevenson gets paid a lot more than I do.
Chris: Well, I hope he can forgive and forget and you keep your job.
Sam: Me too!
Interactive Video Comprehension Quiz 1:
Summary Statements Comprehension Quiz 2:
Drag and Drop Quiz 3:
There are two special forms for verbs called voice:
The Active Voice is the « normal » voice. This is the voice we use most of the time. In the active voice, the object receives the action of the verb:
The Passive Voice is not so common. In the passive voice, the subject receives the action of the verb:
|Hay||is eaten||by horses.|
The object of the active verb becomes the subject of the Passive Voice:
|Passive||Water||is drunk||by everybody.|
The passive voice is not used as often as the passive voice. The active voice is the « normal » voice. But sometimes we need the passive voice.
The structure of the passive voice is, therefore:
Subject + auxiliary verb (be) + main verb (participle)
The main verb will always be in participle.
When we want to make the active object more important or we do not know the active subject, we use the passive voice.
Giving importance to the active object:
|John Wilkes Booth||killed||Abraham Lincoln.|
|Abraham Lincoln||was killed||by John Wilkes Booth.|
When the active subject is unknown:
|My wallet||has been stolen||?|
When we want to introduce the subject, we use by. This is called the passive agent:
|Active||My wallet||was stolen||by Steven.|
It is usually recommended that we use the active voice as it makes the writing clearer and less complicated.
Forming the Passive Voice
When you create the passive voice it is necessary to notice that each time has its own form.
|Sentence||Auxiliary verb to be + V3 (Past participle)||Example|
|Present Simple||Am, is, are + forbidden||Smoking is forbidden indoors.|
|Present Progressive||Am, is, are + being + shown||He is being shown how to operate the machine.|
|Past Simple||Was, were + broken||They were broken by children.|
|Past Progressive||Was, were + being + chosen||They were being chosen for the team.|
|Future (will)||Will be + written||It will be written in English.|
|Future (going to)||Am, is, are + going to be + drunk||He is going to be drunk if he continues drinking.|
|Present Perfect||Has, have + been + drawn||The plans have been drawn out.|
|Past Perfect||Had + been + sown||The seeds had been sown.|
|Future Perfect||Will + have been + paid||The bills will have been paid by Monday.|
|Modals (can/could)||Can, could + be + found||The redwood can be found in North California.|
|Modal (have to)||Have to, has to, had to + be + told||He had to be told to behave.|
|Modal (must)||Must + be + woken||She must be woken up at 6 o’clock.|
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