Lesson 24 – A New Car – Relative Pronouns: What, Which, and How

Cours d’anglais gratuit A2

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LEVEL A2: A NEW CAR

 


THERE IS AN OPTION FOR YOU TO TRANSLATE ALL THE TEXT

IN YOUR LANGUAGE (Top right > Select language > Click on the flags).


 

VOCABULARY

 

 

  • Picking up the car
  • I have to be there…
  • I still have to decide.
  • What are your options?
  • They are both nice
  • Which one?
  • I think I’ll go for…
  • It looks better
  • A calming colour
  • On the outside
  • Not going to benefit me
  • What was I thinking?
  • It was a wise move
  • second-hand
  • Saved yourself some money
  • It was Polly’s idea
  • She’s more frugal
  • CD player
  • To tell me about
  • Has less miles
  • Comfortable seats
  • Comfort is more important
  • To suppose
  • What is the steering like?
  • Much better steering
  • They are the same model
  • You’ve made your decision
  • To make a decision

 

LESSON 24 DIALOGUE

 

– A New Car –

 

 

Learn English – Lesson 24 – A New Car

David: What time are you picking up the car?

Jeff: I have to be there at 11:30. I still have to decide which colour I want.

David: What are your options?

Jeff: Well, I’m stuck between a red one and a blue one. They are both nice colours.

David: Which one do you think you’ll go for?

Jeff: I think I’ll go for the blue one. It looks better in the sun.

David: Blue is supposed to be a calming colour.

Jeff: Well, the colour is on the outside so it’s not going to benefit me, is it?

David: Oh, of course, what was I thinking? It was a wise move buying a second-hand one. You saved yourself some money.

Jeff: It was Polly’s idea really. She’s more frugal than I am.

David: How old is the car?

Jeff: The red one is 10 years old and the blue one is 8 years old.

David: Which one has the hi-tech CD player that you told me about?

Jeff: That’ll be the red one but the blue one has less miles and more comfortable seats.

David: I suppose comfort is more important. What is the steering like?

Jeff: The blue one has much better steering even though they are the same model.

David: Well it sounds like you’ve made your decision! I’m looking forward to seeing it!

Facts: In November 1881, French inventor Gustave Trouvé demonstrated a working three-wheeled car powered by electricity at the International Exposition of Electricity in Paris.

 

COMPREHENSION QUIZZES (3 TO COMPLETE)

 

Interactive Video Comprehension Quiz 1

 

Summary Statements Comprehension Quiz 2

 

Drag and Drop Quiz 3: 

 

GRAMMAR PRACTICE –  RELATIVE PRONOUNS: WHAT, WHICH OR HOW

 

 

Remember the relative pronouns we have seen so far: What? and Who? 

Examples:

What are you saying?

Who is he?

 

We also saw the structures What is … like? and What are… like?

Example:

What is Jeff like?

 

Other uses of What

The pronoun what can be used to ask many questions before a name:

What time…?

What kind of..?

What type of…?

What sort of…?

What day…?

What size…?

What colour…?

 

Examples:

What time is it?

What time do you get up?

What kind/sort/type of car do you want?

What day is it today?

What size is your jumper?

What colour is your hair?

Notice that to ask about the day and the time, we use the pronoun it.

 

WHICH


When we use Which + name we are asking for a specific person or thing.

Examples:

Which computer did you buy?

Which teacher do you prefer?

 

When which is not accompanied by a name, it can only apply to things, not people.

Example:

Which is better – a village or a city?

 

If we ask for a person without using the name, we use who.

Example:

Who is better – Jeff or Karen?

 

The difference between What and Which

We use which when we have more or less a small number of options to choose from:

Examples:

I can study Literature or Maths. Which subject do I choose?

There are 3 dishes. Which dish do you want?

 

We use what when you do not have a specific number of options to choose from:

Examples:

What’s your name?

What’s your favourite colour?

 

Let’s compare these examples so you can see the difference more clearly:

Examples:

Which country do you prefer – Bulgaria or Japan?

What country do you prefer?

 

HOW


The pronoun how usually implies the description of things. In English these questions are often created with the verb to be.

How much…? How much is the bag?
How big…? How big is the box?
How tall…? How tall are you?
How old…? How old are you?
How far…? How far is it from London to the beach?
How often…? How often do you go to the gym?
How long…? How long have you been in Paris?
How fast…? How fast is the earth moving?

 How long …? it is often accompanied by the verb to take to refer to the time it takes to complete an activity. 

How often it is accompanied by an adjective and an adverb to specify exactly what we expound.

Example:

How are you?

 

Interrogative form

How long does it take to…?
How long did it take to…?
How long will it take to…?

 

Possible answers:

It takes A month, A long time, A week (…) To…
It took
It will take
It doesn’t take Long To…
It didn’t take
It won’t take

Examples:

How long does it take to learn English?

It takes a long time.

 

When we want to mention the person who conducts the activity, it must be included in the structure that follows:

Presente Simple

How long does it take me to…?
How long does it take you to…?
How long does it take him to…?
How long does it take her to…?
How long does it take us to…?
How long does it take you to…?
How long does it take them to…?

 

It takes me… to…
It takes you… to…
It takes him… to…
It takes her… to…
It takes us… to…
It takes you… to…
It takes them… to…

 These structures can be combined in all the ways we have studied so far.

Examples:

How long does it take you to complete the exercises?

It doesn’t take me long.

 

How long will it take you to read the book?

It won’t take me long.

 

PRONUNCIATION PRACTICE 

 

 

 

 

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