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Lesson 25 – The Playwright
David: How are things going with your drama group?
Karen: They are going very well. I think Polly has found her calling. She said that she has never done anything so exhilarating.
David: Yes, Jeff said that she’s turned the spare room into an office. He said that she has started writing scripts.
Karen: She has a natural talent for the writing but I think she prefers acting more.
David: What is her latest play like?
Karen: It’s very good. She’s been visiting the theatre a lot and reading a lot of plays, William Shakespeare, Harold Pinter, people like that.
David: That’s great! But do you think that she will be inclined to copy their style?
Karen: She said that she was worried about that herself. She looks to other actors for inspiration with her performance but she is also reading an eclectic range of materials so that she doesn’t get locked into one style of writing.
David: I’m so glad. There are too many writers out there that copy old stories and styles. They have no uniqueness to them.
Karen: I said to Polly that she should keep up with modern theatre. Although it is difficult to find authors that have original ideas, they do exist and it keeps the material contemporary and relevant to the time.
David: I am looking forward to seeing her new play.
Karen: Me too.
Interactive Video Comprehension Quiz 1:
Summary Statements Comprehension Quiz 2:
Drag and Drop Quiz 3:
In English, there are two forms to express what other people say: active form and reported speech.
The Reported Speech is when we reproduce the words, thoughts, etc, of the people, we can say the right words (more or less) they were said or we imagine they were thoughts:
Reported speech does not appear in quotation marks and does not have to be expressed word by word. We can pick up words or ideas from someone for our sentence, using conjunctions and changing pronouns, times and other words in the necessary place.
It is important to know that modal verbs (will, can, must, shall, may) also change, taking their past form (would, could, had to, should, might). This also means that would, could, should, might and ought to do not change the forms when they are expressed. The words that are said or thought of in a place by a person can be emitted in another place, at a different time, and perhaps by another person. Because of this, there are often grammatical differences between active form and reported speech:
Words like here, this, now, today, next, last, yesterday, tomorrow can also be modified or omitted with the change of time and place. These are called « Here and Now » words.
A common mistake when we use reported speech, is that we don’t correct the sentences. If the introductory verb is in the past, the times used are usually changed.
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