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Lesson 31 – Shopping
Laura and Sophie have decided to go shopping for an outfit to wear at Michael’s upcoming birthday party. Laura is eager to buy a top for herself and Sophie wishes to buy a dress.
Sophie: I desperately need to find a dress for myself, I don’t have anything to wear for Michael’s party and it’s tomorrow night
Laura: Neither do I. I want to find a cute top! Maybe inside that shop? What do you think the others will wear?
Sophie: I don’t know really. They always wear incredibly fancy and elaborate outfits, so we should try to find something similar. Are you looking forward to going to the party?
Laura: Yeah, it should be fun! John is helping Michael organise it and I know they have been inspired by The Great Gatsby so I think it will be very glamorous and old-fashioned. Expect to be entertained!
Sophie: Really? Old-fashioned? But I want to wear something modern and contemporary!
Laura: Well, suit yourself! Everyone else at the party will be sticking to the theme and you will be the only one standing out…
Sophie: Just the way I like it!
The girls continue to look for clothes and Laura finds a simple black dress with frills on the hem that she is contemplating buying. Sophie eventually finds a tight, bright pink dress that she thinks will match her new pair of high-heeled shoes.
Laura: So what do you think about Michael? I really think he has feelings for you. He always asks for you when you are not around and he seems very interested in you.
Sophie: MICHAEL? No way. He has no sense of style and he thinks it’s acceptable to wear a tie with a T-shirt! That is disgusting and I have no respect for careless dressers. I could never go out with him, it would be embarrassing!
Laura: Sophie! That’s not very nice of you! He is a very skilful guy and you should give him a chance.
Sophie: We’ll see, but don’t hold your breath!
Facts: The Great Gatsby is a 1925 novel written by American author F. Scott Fitzgerald. The novel explores themes of decadence, idealism, resistance to change, social upheaval, and excess, and has been described as a cautionary tale regarding the American Dream.
Interactive Video Comprehension Quiz 1:
Summary Statements Comprehension Quiz 2:
Drag and Drop Quiz 3:
We already saw a bit of the active voice pronouns in English (also present in many dialogues that we have read.) In today’s lesson we are going to systematise them so that their behaviour is clear.
Object: Me, You, Him, Her, It, Us, You, Them
Laura sees me.
Laura sees you.
Laura sees him.
Laura sees us.
Laura sees them.
When it comes to non-human element in the third person, the pronoun singular object is it. For the plural, it would be them.
I like literature. I like it.
I like novels. I like them.
Remember that after the prepositions AT, FOR, TO, WITH, ON, etc. object pronouns are always used:
Look at her.
Do you want to come with me?
Sometimes the verbal action falls on the same person who performs the action. For expressions such as myself, yourself, ourselves, etc., we use the following expressions:
He talks to himself
I hurt myself with a knife
Ruth enjoyed herself in Paris
In English we can express when an action is done by a person by itself, without help from anyone (me alone, by myself, etc.). For this we put the preposition by before:
I learned Catalan by myself.
Sophie went to the party by herself
To refer to reciprocal actions in which two people perform mutually we employ each other.
John and Laura are close friends. They know each other well.
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