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– Birthday Party –
Learn English – Lesson 32 – Birthday Party
John and Michael have prepared everything for the party and are now waiting expectantly for their guests to arrive. They have decorated their flat to look very glamorous and thematic. They have also bought some expensive champagne that is chilling and waiting to be enjoyed.
John: My word! Our flat looks amazing, we really outdid ourselves, Michael. I think the girls are going to be very impressed. And look at you all dressed up. I think Sophie will be impressed…
Michael: Sophie? What? It’s my birthday. Of course I am going to get dressed up!
John: There’s no need to get defensive. I just meant that Sophie likes all that fancy clothing. It is not usual for you to look so sharp. She’ll definitely notice!
Michael: Are you sure we have enough dip?
John: Don’t change the subject… Just admit that you like her!
John: Who? Helen of Troy! You bloody well know who, Sophie!
Michael: Okay, I admit she has her moments but she can be a bit high-maintenance at times. I don’t think I could cope with that!
John: Well, you don’t know unless you try. Sure, she makes a fuss about her appearance all the time, but I think behind all that make-up and hairspray she’s quite a lovely girl.
Michael: Okay, this is my party so I’m exercising my veto on all discussions relating to Sophie and I. I just want to have a good time, have a drink, have a dance, have more drink, then pass out.
John: Okay, Okay… Just one last thing… You should go for it!
Michael: Enough! People will be arriving soon. I think I should go and buy some more dip.
John: There’s plenty of dip. Relax! What music shall we start the party with? Perhaps something Sophie likes?
Michael: I’m warning you!
Facts: ”Happy Birthday to You » is the most recognised song in the English language. The melody of « Happy Birthday to You » comes from the song « Good Morning to All ».
Interactive Video Comprehension Quiz 1:
Summary Statements Comprehension Quiz 2:
Drag and Drop Quiz 3:
Possessives are a grammatical category whose name indicates the possessor of the object in question.
My house is near.
Our car is red.
My mother is rich.
Your nephew is very modern.
You may be confused at one point by the uses of his, her, its and their, since all of them are possessive of third person (his, their) but are distinguished by features like:
When the possessor is masculine.
-John has a book. It’s his book.
When the possessor is female.
-Sophie has a book. It’s her book.
When the possessor is not human.
-Canterbury is famours for its cathedral.
When it is more than one possessor. These possessors can be both human and non-human.
-They have a book. It’s their book.
One difference that you will notice is that in English possessives are much more often used than in other languages, like for example Spanish, especially with body parts and clothing.
I wash my hands.
Close your eyes.
Open your book.
Give me your coat, please.
We have analyzed accurately the possessive adjectives, now let’s see the pronouns:
It’s my hat. → It’s mine.
It’s your hat. → It’s yours.
It’s his hat. → It’s his.
It’s her hat. → It’s hers.
It’s our hat. → It’s ours.
It’s their hat. → It’s theirs.
Remember that possessive pronouns are not accompanied by nouns (that is why they are pronouns) nor is it correct to put them before the. It would not be correct, for example, to say the mine, the yours, etc. However, what is common in English is to put before them the preposition of when we want to point out a friendship relationship.
John is a friend of mine but Laura is a friend of his.
To ask who owns an object, we use the interrogative pronoun WHOSE (of whom) which is accompanied by the verb to be.
Whose laptop is this?
– It’s mine.
Whose pen is this?
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