Lesson 35 – Grocery Shopping – Plurals

LEVEL A2 - PRE-INTERMEDIATE: GROCERY SHOPPING

 


THERE IS AN OPTION FOR YOU TO TRANSLATE ALL THE TEXT

IN YOUR LANGUAGE (Top right > Select language > Click on the flags).


 

VOCABULARY

 

 

  • The weekly trip
  • To the grocery store
  • My teeth have been hurting
  • To hurt
  • A new tube of toothpaste
  • A couple of toothbrushes
  • Just in case
  • A trip to the dentist
  • A carton of milk
  • Two loaves of bread is enough
  • I hardly eat any bread
  • One loaf will suffice
  • To suffice
  • I love chocolate
  • You might have some cavities
  • I was trying to open a box
  • I could not find
  • A single pair of scissors
  • You are so weak
  • Several pairs of scissors
  • Some slices of ham
  • Maybe a tub of ice cream
  • We have to be healthy
  • How did your job interview go?
  • Were there many people applying?
  • To apply
  • There were quite a few
  • They had some news
  • They were very satisfied with
  • To be satisfied with
  • The impression I had given
  • There were many impressive applicants
  • It’s not fair
  • You need more experience
  • No one is willing to give you a job
  • A catch-22
  • A couple more times
  • A wide smile appears
  • It seems some people do
  • The job is mine
  • You are so lucky
  • A few more bars of chocolate
  • A couple of pieces of cake as well

 

LESSON 35 DIALOGUE

 

- Grocery Shopping -

 

 

Learn English - Lesson 35 - Grocery Shopping

Michael and John are taking the weekly trip to the grocery store.

Michael: My teeth have been hurting lately. I think I need to get a new tube of toothpaste, and maybe a couple of toothbrushes just in case.

John: Yes, and maybe a trip to the dentist.. We need to get a carton of milk as well.

Michael: One? That’s too little! We should get a couple of cartons at least, because we drink a lot of milk and I hate it when there is none left for my coffee in the mornings.

John: Okay, two cartons of milk it is. Two loaves of bread is enough, right?

Michael: Yeah, I hardly eat any bread so I think one loaf will suffice. We should get some bars of chocolate too. I love chocolate!

John: Maybe that’s why your teeth are hurting; you might have some cavities. I don’t think it’s a good idea, but we’ll get one bar of chocolate each. We should get a pair of scissors too. The other day I was trying to open a box from the shop, but I couldn’t find a single pair of scissors in the entire flat.

Michael: You are so weak, John, and you always lose things! I’m certain we’ve had several pairs of scissors, but we’ll get a few, just in case.

John: Whatever, Michael. What else do we need? Let’s get some slices of ham from the butcher. They always have the best meat!

Michael: Sounds perfect! And maybe a tub of ice cream?

John: Come on, we have to be healthy! Anyways, how did your job interview go? Were there many people applying for the position?

Michael: There were quite a few, both women and men. Actually, they phoned me yesterday and said they had some news. It was bad news. They told me that they were very satisfied with the impression I had given at the interview, but there were many impressive applicants and they went with someone who had more experience. It’s not fair, you know. They say that you need more experience to get a job, but how are you supposed to get experience when no one is willing to give you a job without experience? It’s a catch-22.

John: Don’t worry, Michael! It takes time. A lot of people don’t get jobs on their first interview; you just need to try a couple more times.

Suddenly, John’s phone rings. He answers and a wide smile appears across his face. When he finishes the phone call, Michael asks him what it was about.

John: Well, I’m sorry about this, but it seems some people do get a job on their first interview. I had an interview at an electronics company yesterday and they just phoned to tell me the job is mine!

Michael: No way! You are so lucky, John. It’s ridiculous. Now I’ll definitely need a few more bars of chocolate, and maybe a couple of pieces of cake as well!

Facts: The earliest sweet was honey, which people have eaten since prehistoric times. In the Middle Ages rich people ate desserts like preserved fruits and jelly.

 

COMPREHENSION QUIZZES (3 TO COMPLETE)

 

Interactive Video Comprehension Quiz 1

 

Summary Statements Comprehension Quiz 2

 

Drag and Drop Quiz 3: 

 

GRAMMAR PRACTICE - PLURALS

 

As you may have noticed, the formation of the plural in English is usually formed simply by adding a -s to the end of the word.

 

Example:

SINGULAR              PLURAL

bottle                      bottles

room                       rooms

dog                           dogs

 

However, you might also have seen that there are cases in which the plural is -es. This occurs in three cases:

 

Plurals in -es


  • Words ending in -s

address →  addresses

 

Words ending in -sh

dish →  dishes

 

Words ending in -x

box →  boxes

 

  • The words tomato and potato.

tomato →  tomatoes

potato →  potatoes

 

  • Words ending in -y form the plural in -ies

body →  bodies

dictionary →  dictionaries

 

* It is important to note as an exception to this rule the words ending in -ay, -ey, -oy. In this case, we only have to add the ending -s to form the plural.

Examples:

boy →  boys

day →  days

key →  keys

 

  • Words that end in -f or -fe form the plural with the ending in -ves.

knife →  knives

wife →  wives

leaf →  leaves

 

  • There are many words with completely irregular plural. Here we give you a list with the most frequent words.
CHILD CHILDREN
FOOT FEET
MAN MEN
WOMAN WOMEN
MOUSE MICE
SHEEP SHEEP
PERSON PEOPLE
TOOTH TEETH

 

  • Nouns always in plural

glasses 

jeans 

pyjamas

scissors

shorts

tights 

 

You can also use a pair of to talk about an item of the clothes mentioned above:

Two pairs of jeans.

I bought a pair of shorts. 

 

Countable and Uncountable Nouns


Let's remember from school the difference between accountants and countless. Accountants are those names that can be counted (man, glass, table ...) In fact, we can say a man, two men, some men. On the other hand, countless nouns are those that can not be counted (money, water, music, etc.). We don't say money, two monies, etc.

 

  • Countable Nouns - the countable nouns in English can be prefixed:

- The article a/an: a car, a moment, an hour, ...

- Any numeral (one, two, three, ...): one car, two cars, etc.

- Some: some cars, some moments, some hours...

- Many: many cars, many moments, many hours...

 

The countable nouns in the singular can not go alone, they have to have a/an ahead:

What a beautiful day! (NEVER → What beautiful day!) 

I’ve got a house. (Incorrect → I’ve got house

 

  • Uncountable Nouns - countless nouns can only be in the singular (never in the plural.) In front of the accountants can be used:

-Some: I have some money

-Much: I haven’t much money

 

When the uncountable noun is a subject, it may appear alone (without any type of article):

Money is the cause of my problems.

You can't use the items a/an (NEVER   a money.) or the numerals (Incorrect  → one money).

 

To mark the number of countless, because you can not place a numeral, some expressions are used to help measure them:

A BOTTLE OF: a bottle of water

A PIECE OF: a piece of information

A CUP OF: a cup of tea

A CARTON OF: a carton of milk

A GAME OF: a game of chess

A BOWL OF: a bowl of soup

 

Remember


Remember that the present continuous is the time we use to refer to actions that are happening now and that are in progress:

PRESENT CONTINUOUS  → ACTIONS IN PROGRESS

 

The progressive present was formed using the verb to be + gerund-ING

I AM

YOU ARE

HE IS

SHE IS                  +               -ING

IT IS

WE ARE

YOU ARE

THEY ARE

Examples:

I can’t reply by phone. I’m working

Be quiet! Laura’s sleeping

 

Also remember the existence of irregular gerunds:

come →  coming

dance →  dancing

lie →  lying

sit →  sitting

swim →  swimming

write →  writing

 

PRONUNCIATION PRACTICE

 

  • Related Pronunciation Video Lesson and interactive exercise(s):

 

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