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-Buying a car-
Lesson 42 – Buying a Car
Sophie has asked John to come along and help her choose a new car. She doesn’t know what type of car she wants, but she thinks John will be able to help her. John knows a lot about cars and the different varieties that exist.
John: So, do you have any idea what model or brand you would like?
Sophie: No, the only thing I know is that I want it to be a bright colour. Either pink or yellow, or maybe both of them.
John: Sophie, you do know that the colour is a very minor detail when it comes to buying a new car? You need to look at all of these cars here and figure out which model you prefer. You also have to decide if you want certain custom options, like being able to connect your phone or having a glass ceiling, or neither of them.
Sophie: Actually, I would like both of those options. Most of these cars look the same anyways… I want something that stands out and is a bit different.
John: I think you’ll accomplish that by colouring it pink and yellow…
Sophie: That’s true! Now, look at this one! It has really nice seats, don’t you think? White leather is my favourite. Or maybe dark leather is better?
John: Either of the two should be fine. White leather won’t get as hot so maybe that’s a good option?
Sophie: Yes, what else? Honestly, I could buy any of these cars and be equally happy, but maybe I should get an SUV?
John: Sophie, you don’t need such a big car. It’s better to get a city car, or even a mini car.
Sophie: I’m getting neither of those. Actually, I think a convertible would be perfect for me. Imagine a pink and yellow convertible with white leather seats. That is better than all of the cars here.
John: Okay! Now let’s ask the car salesman if they have something like that.
Facts: The most expensive car in the world is the Italian built, Lamborghini Veneno Roadster at 4.5 Million dollars. It can reach a top speed of 221 mph and go from 0-62 in 2.9 seconds.
Interactive Video Comprehension Quiz 1:
Summary Statements Comprehension Quiz 2:
Drag and Drop Quiz 3:
We are going to make some distinctions between the expressions that should put the preposition of and those that should be eliminated. Specifically with the following words:
It is used of for specific things
NONE + OF + THIS/THAT + NOUN
SOME POSsESIVE (MY, YOUR, ETC.)
Most of these students are learning Spanish.
Some of those people are footballers.
None of my friends can help me.
I don’t want any of your pieces of advice.
In the case of all of the presence of of is optional to refer to specific things:
All of your books are very old = All your books are very old.
Absence of general things
NO + SUSTANTIVO
Most tourists like paella.
Some films are really boring.
I don’t have any problem.
She’s got no obligations
With personal pronouns
ALL + OF + IT
Do you know these words?
I know most of them, but not all of them.
Do you know these words? (¿Conoces estas palabras?)
I know most of them, but not all of them.
Differences between both, either and neither
There are times when we have to make a decision between two things. Sometimes they are easy decisions, others can be very difficult . In any case, the answer to those types of questions can be:
I have two brothers. Both are very kind.
Would you like a dessert or coffee?
Do you like this book or this one?
These three elements (both, either and neither) can have a name behind. In the case of both the name has to go in plural, since it is two elements.
I was in Lisbon and Madrid. I love both cities.
With either and neither the name has to go in the singular.
You can study History or Geography. You must study either.
I watched two films in the cinema. Neither film was interesting.
You must use the preposition of after either, neither (when after it appears the, this, that, these, those or a possessive):
POSSESIVE (my, your, …)
Either of those people is guilty.
Neither of these girls is a teacher.
In the case of both, the presence of of is optional before the, this, that, …
POSESIVO (my, your, …)
Both of my brothers are married. = Both my brothers are married.
Now with the personal pronouns, the presence of is always obligatory
Both of them are very clever.
Either of you has to help me.
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