Lesson 42 – Buying a Car – The uses of OF

LEVEL A2 - PRE-INTERMEDIATE - BUYING A CAR

 


THERE IS AN OPTION FOR YOU TO TRANSLATE ALL THE TEXT

IN YOUR LANGUAGE (Top right > Select language > Click on the flags).


 

VOCABULARY

 

 

  • She has asked him to come along
  • To come along
  • To choose a new car
  • The different varieties that exist
  • Model or brand
  • I want it to be a bright colour
  • Either pink or yellow
  • A very minor detail
  • Figure out which model you prefer
  • To figure out
  • Certain custom options
  • To connect your phone
  • Neither of them
  • I would like both
  • Something that stands out
  • You’ll accomplish that
  • To accomplish
  • White leather is my favourite
  • Look at this one
  • Really nice seats
  • White leather won’t get as hot
  • A good option
  • Be equally happy
  • I should get a SUV
  • You don’t need such a big car.
  • To get a city car
  • A convertible would be perfect!
  • Let’s ask the car salesman!

 

LESSON 42 DIALOGUE 

 

-Buying a car-

 

 

Lesson 42 - Buying a Car

Sophie has asked John to come along and help her choose a new car. She doesn’t know what type of car she wants, but she thinks John will be able to help her. John knows a lot about cars and the different varieties that exist.

John: So, do you have any idea what model or brand you would like?
Sophie: No, the only thing I know is that I want it to be a bright colour. Either pink or yellow, or maybe both of them.
John: Sophie, you do know that the colour is a very minor detail when it comes to buying a new car? You need to look at all of these cars here and figure out which model you prefer. You also have to decide if you want certain custom options, like being able to connect your phone or having a glass ceiling, or neither of them.
Sophie: Actually, I would like both of those options. Most of these cars look the same anyways… I want something that stands out and is a bit different.
John: I think you’ll accomplish that by colouring it pink and yellow…
Sophie: That’s true! Now, look at this one! It has really nice seats, don’t you think? White leather is my favourite. Or maybe dark leather is better?
John: Either of the two should be fine. White leather won’t get as hot so maybe that’s a good option?
Sophie: Yes, what else? Honestly, I could buy any of these cars and be equally happy, but maybe I should get an SUV?
John: Sophie, you don’t need such a big car. It’s better to get a city car, or even a mini car.
Sophie: I’m getting neither of those. Actually, I think a convertible would be perfect for me. Imagine a pink and yellow convertible with white leather seats. That is better than all of the cars here.
John: Okay! Now let’s ask the car salesman if they have something like that.

 

Facts: The most expensive car in the world is the Italian built, Lamborghini Veneno Roadster at 4.5 Million dollars. It can reach a top speed of 221 mph and go from 0-62 in 2.9 seconds.

 

COMPREHENSION QUIZZES (3 to complete)

Interactive Video Comprehension Quiz 1

 

Summary Statements Comprehension Quiz 2

 

Drag and Drop Quiz 3: 

 

GRAMMAR PRACTICE: THE USES OF "OF"

 

We are going to make some distinctions between the expressions that should put the preposition of and those that should be eliminated. Specifically with the following words:

ANY

NO

NONE

ALL 

MOST 

SOME

 

It is used of for specific things


 

ALL*

ANY                                                                    THE

NONE           +        OF               +                 THIS/THAT                                                      +          NOUN

MOST                                                                THESE/THOSE

SOME                                                               POSsESIVE (MY, YOUR, ETC.)

 

Examples:

Most of these students are learning Spanish.

Some of those people are footballers.

None of my friends can help me.

I don’t want any of your pieces of advice.

In the case of all of the presence of of is optional to refer to specific things:

All of your books are very old = All your books are very old.

 

 

Absence of general things


           

                        ALL

                        ANY

NO                     +            SUSTANTIVO

                       MOST

                       SOME

 

Examples:

Most tourists like paella.

Some films are really boring.

I don’t have any problem.

She’s got no obligations

 

 

With personal pronouns


 

ANY

SOME                                       YOU

ALL             +       OF        +     IT

MOST                                       US

NONE                                       THEM

 

Examples:

Do you know these words?

I know most of them, but not all of them.

Do you know these words? (¿Conoces estas palabras?)

I know most of them, but not all of them.

 

 

Differences between both, either and neither


There are times when we have to make a decision between two things. Sometimes they are easy decisions, others can be very difficult . In any case, the answer to those types of questions can be:

BOTH

EITHER

NEITHER

 

Examples:

I have two brothers. Both are very kind. 

Would you like a dessert or coffee?

Either.

Do you like this book or this one?

Neither.

 

These three elements (both, either and neither) can have a name behind. In the case of both the name has to go in plural, since it is two elements.

Example:

I was in Lisbon and Madrid. I love both cities.

 

With either and neither the name has to go in the singular.

You can study History or Geography. You must study either.

I watched two films in the cinema. Neither film was interesting.

You must use the preposition of after either, neither (when after it appears the, this, that, these, those or a possessive):

 

EITHER

NEITHER        

           OF            THE

THIS/THAT

THESE/THOSE

POSSESIVE (my, your, ...)

 

Examples:

Either of those people is guilty.

Neither of these girls is a teacher.

 

In the case of both, the presence of of is optional before the, this, that, ...

 

      BOTH                 (OF)                  THE

THIS/THAT

THESE/THOSE

POSESIVO (my, your, ...)

 

Example:

Both of my brothers are married. = Both my brothers are married.

 

Now with the personal pronouns, the presence of is always obligatory

 

BOTH

EITHER

NEITHER          

           OF                YOU

US

THEM                   

 

Examples:

Both of them are very clever.

Either of you has to help me.

 

 

PRONUNCIATION PRACTICE 

  • Related Pronunciation Video Lesson and interactive exercise(s):

 

 

BACK TO A2 COURSE INDEX         -       NEXT LESSON HERE

 

 

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