Lesson 50 – Lost Keys – Connectors

LEVEL B1: LOST KEYS

 


THERE IS AN OPTION FOR YOU TO TRANSLATE ALL THE TEXT

IN YOUR LANGUAGE (Top right > Select language > Click on the flags).


 

VOCABULARY

 

 

  • When I go into town...
  • I'll drop in
  • Workplace
  • I need to pick up...
  • I can't believe...
  • You lost your keys
  • Safely stored away
  • In your luggage
  • I still managed to lose them
  • I have no idea how it happened.
  • You'll have to get a
  • Have you ever been to...?
  • I know where it is
  • I've never been into the place
  • You'll be very surprised
  • She's a different person
  • When she's at work.
  • What do you mean?
  • Fun-loving
  • She acts very prim and proper
  • I had to visit her
  • She kept calling me
  • After she had finished work
  • She met me at a cafe
  • She apologised for being so strange
  • Professionalism
  • Doesn't condone
  • Over-familiarity
  • I'd hate a boss like that
  • I think it will be quite funny
  • Behaving in such a way
  • To tell you how it went
  • I'm staying over at..
  • Is he still struggling to find a job?
  • He's been working on and off
  • He's been getting some small contracts
  • They are inconsistent
  • He's staying above board
  • Financially
  • We're going to relax
  • Watch the football
  • You are welcome to join us
  • I would have loved to

 

LESSON 50 DIALOGUE

 

- The Date -

 

 

Learn English - Lesson 50 - Lost Keys

Darren: When I go into town, I'll drop in to Rosie's workplace. I need to pick up those spare keys.

Kiera: I can't believe you lost your keys on holiday! Why didn't you just leave them safely stored away in your luggage?

Darren: I did keep them in my luggage but I still managed to lose them. I have no idea how it happened!

Kiera: Well you'll have to get a new set cut when you collect the spare set. Have you ever been to Rosie's workplace?

Darren: No, I know where it is but I've never been into the place.

Kiera: You'll be very surprised when you see her. She's a different person when she's at work.

Darren: What do you mean?

Kiera: She's not the fun-loving Rosie that we know and love. She acts very prim and proper. I had to visit her at work a month ago and she was a completely different person. She kept calling me Ma'am, so I called her Ma'am. After she had finished work, she met me at a café. She apologised for being so strange. Apparently the boss is very strong on professionalism and doesn't condone over-familiarity in the workplace.

Darren: I'd hate a boss like that! I think it will be quite funny to see Rosie behaving in such a way though... I'll have to tell you how it went tomorrow because I'm staying over at Carl's tonight.

Kiera: Ah, How is Carl? Is he still struggling to find a job?

Darren: He's been working on and off. He's been getting some small contracts but they are inconsistent. Still, he's staying above board financially. We're going to relax, order some pizza and watch the football. You are welcome to join us if you wish.

Kiera: If I didn't hate football so much, I would have loved to... Have a good night and say hi to Carl for me!

Darren: I will. See you tomorrow!

Facts: Football was codified in London, England in 1863, but there is evidence to suggest that refereed, teamed football games have been played in schools since 1581.

 

COMPREHENSION QUIZZES (3 TO COMPLETE)

 

Interactive Video Comprehension Quiz 1

 

Summary Statements Comprehension Quiz 2

 

Drag and Drop Quiz 3: 

 

GRAMMAR PRACTICE - CONNECTORS

 

You are already familiar with many connectors that have appeared throughout the texts. A connector, as the name suggests, refers to the element or elements that connect ideas within a sentence or between phrases.

 

Temporary Connectors


A temporary connector is one that indicates that an action is taking place. When is the most common connector but we can also use before, after, and while.

Examples:

When I saw Jenny, I talked to her.

I talked to Jenny when I saw her.

Before you do an exam, read all the questions carefully.

Read all the questions carefully before you do an exam.

 

Notice that the temporary connector can go at the beginning or at the end of the sentence. If it is placed at the beginning there must be a comma at the end of the connector.

Examples:

When I saw Jenny, I talked to her.

Before you do an exam, read all the questions carefully.

 

When we refer to the future, the present is used after the temporary connectors.

TEMPORARY CONNECTORS

PRESENT FUTURE STRUCTURE
When ... Will /Shall…
I'm going to…
While
After
Before

Examples:

When I go to University, I'll live in a shared flat.

After I retire, I'll live my life to the fullest.

 

It is also possible to reverse the order as you can see in the following examples:

I'm going to have a shower before my friends come round.

My cat is going to stay in my friend´s flat while we are abroad.

 

Until is used to express future actions in the same way:

I won't do anything until you come back.

 

Conjunctions


A conjunction is a word that is attached to a clause within a sentence, connecting them and defining the relationship between them. Conjunctions are used to make the text more fluid.

 

Examples:

David walked down the street. He entered the cafe. David bought a drink.

David walked down the street and entered the cafe for a drink.

 

Here "and" and "for" are conjunctions that are used to unite the sentences and show the relationship between the two. There are three main categories of conjunctions, coordinating conjunctions, subordinating conjunctions and correlative conjunctions.

 

Coordinating Conjunctions


Coordinating conjunctions are used to relate two words or phrases that are equally important between them and are complete in terms of grammar. That is, they do not require more information to give them meaning. The seven main coordinating conjunctions are: For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, Soon.

 

A good way to remember these conjunctions is through the acronym: FANBOYS - For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, Soon. These conjunctions are always placed between two clauses or words that come together.

Examples:

Ellie does not want wine. Ellie does not want beer.

Ellie does not want wine or beer.

Steven does not want wine. Steven would like a beer.

Steven does not want wine but he would like a beer.

 

PRONUNCIATION PRACTICE

 

  • Related Pronunciation Video Lesson and interactive exercise(s):

 

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