Lesson 73 –  Extreme Sports – Modal verbs

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IN YOUR LANGUAGE (Top right > Select language > Click on the flags).


  • A high level of…
  • Construed as…
  • It is debatable
  • There are several
  • A high level of physical exertion
  • Highly specialised gear
  • Some people believe
  • Dubiously
  • Attributed to
  • All the rest are…
  • The origins of…
  • Derived from …
  • In his career
  • He attempted
  • Bone fractures
  • The survivor of
  • It was considered a
  • Most notably was the
  • His career spanned
  • His work can be seen
  • An extreme sports enthusiast
  • My next attempt is a
  • I’m really excited about it
  • He broke the record for
  • That record was held for
  • It is currently held by
  • I should practise as much as possible
  • I will also be performing
  • A series of jumps
  • I had to fill in
  • A lot of paper work
  • This particular jump
  • They are very health and safety conscious
  • He prides himself on
  • Free solo style climbing
  • He had to use
  • They wouldn’t let him do it
  • I will start on the
  • To work my way up to
  • It is going to be documented
  • On completion of
  • I’ve received a lot of interest
  • They want me to advertise for them
  • I had to decline their offers
  • Adrenaline rush
  • Not for cash
  • It earns me enough money
  • To buy the equipment I need
  • To perform my jumps
  • That’s all I really need


-Extreme sports-

Lesson 73 – Extreme Sports
Extreme sports are activities perceived as having a high level of inherent danger. What is construed as an extreme sport is debatable but there are several characteristics common to most extreme sports, speed, height, a high level of physical exertion, and highly specialised gear.
Where the term, extreme sports, originated is unknown but some people believe it arose from a phrase that is dubiously attributed to Ernest Hemingway.
« There are only three sports: bullfighting, motor racing, and mountaineering; all the rest are merely games. »
It is possible that the origins of extreme sport participation derived from daredevils of the past? Evel Knievel was one such daredevil. In his career, he attempted more than 75 ramp-to-ramp motorcycle jumps and suffered more than 433 bone fractures, earning him an entry in the Guinness Book of World Records as the survivor of “most bones broken in a lifetime”.
Before him was Bud Ekins, though Ekins was considered a stuntman for films and television rather than a daredevil. Most notably was the famous fence jumping on a Triumph TR6 Trophy in The Great Escape (1963). His career spanned 35 years and his work can be seen in such films as Diamonds are Forever (1971), The Towering Inferno (1974) and Blues Brothers (1980).
George Carol is an extreme sports enthusiast:
“My next attempt is a base jump, I’m really excited about it. I should give Glenn Singleman a ring, he broke the record for a 19,500 foot jump off The Great Trango Tower in Pakistan, along with Nic Feteris in 1992. That record was held for 14 years before Singleman and his partner Heather Swan broke it with their 21,667 ft jump from Meru Peak in Northern India in 2006. The record is currently held by Valery Rozov for his 23,680 ft jump from Everest in 2013.
There is still another 1,000 feet of cliff to ascend. I should practise as much as possible before I try to break any records. I was able to jump from The Troll Wall in Norway which is 3,600 feet and I may take a few jumps off Angel Falls. I will also be performing a series of jumps from the Burj Khalifa building in Dubai. I had to fill in a lot of paperwork for this particular jump. They are very health and safety conscious. If you recall Alain “Spiderman” Robert in 2011. Even though he prides himself on his free solo style climbing, he had to use a rope and harness for the climb or they wouldn’t let him do it.
I will start on the 140th floor and work my way up to the 160th, each jump is going to be documented and televised on completion of all the jumps. I’ve received a lot of interest from sponsors, companies who want me to advertise for them but I had to decline their offers. I do it for the adrenaline rush, not for cash. My extreme sports shop earns me enough money to buy the equipment I need to perform my jumps and that’s all I really need.”
Facts: The Burj Khalifa building in Dubai, United Arab Emirates is the tallest man-made structure in the world, standing at 829.8 m (2,722 ft).


Interactive Video Comprehension Quiz 1

Summary Statements Comprehension Quiz 2

Drag and Drop Quiz 3: 


MUST/OUGHT TO had to leave early yesterday. (MUST does not exist in the past form) must leave early today = I have to leave early today I will have to leave early tomorrow. (MUST does not exist in the future form)
CAN was able to learn that off by heart! = I managed to learn it off by heart!
was able to leave early = I was allowed to leave early!
can learn that off by heart! = I am able to learn that off by heart! I will be able to learn that off by heart! = I will manage. (CAN does not exist in the future form)
SHALL/SHOULD/OUGHT TO should have bought some wine for the dinner party! (SHALL has no form in the past) Shall I buy some wine for the dinner party?
Needn’t I buy wine for the dinner party?
Should I buy some wine for next week’s dinner party?You ought to buy some wine. (SHALL has no form in the past)
WILL was not going to see her.
would have gone to see her more often.
would get up at 6 every morning.
am going to go to see her more often. will go to see her more often.I am going to go to see her more often.
MAY/MIGHT/COULD may/might/could have said that. may/might/could have dessert. = It is possible that I have dessert.
May I have seconds? = Am I allowed to have a second helping?
may/might/could come to regret that later.


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