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LEVEL C1 – PARTY TIME


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VOCABULARY

  • It is in full swing
  • Enjoying themselves
  • Flowing freely
  • They spent hours slaving over
  • It is going down very well
  • They have found themselves
  • A little corner of the kitchen
  • To gather together
  • To catch up with
  • That horrid flu
  • So many people
  • Sick as dogs
  • It was pretty awful.
  • I’ve never felt so bad in my life
  • On the plus side
  • You postponed your party
  • There was no way we could have made it
  • We weren’t having a party
  • Hosting
  • Showing off a bit
  • He’s like a big child
  • His boys toys
  • I had to buy him a
  • He wouldn’t shut up
  • I don’t think he’s finished yet
  • I heard him talking
  • They’ve gone upstairs
  • That wouldn’t surprise me
  • To clear out the attic
  • So he can set up a
  • What am I going to do with him?
  • Let him get on with it
  • Trump card
  • When you want to get that patio
  • He won’t be able to say no
  • When you suggest
  • That’s a good point
  • An easy present to buy
  • When were you looking to
  • I was thinking
  • I can plant some nice flowers
  • It will be ready
  • It’ll look great
  • You did well
  • To get it so cheap
  • Our agent is brilliant
  • We invited him to the party
  • He couldn’t make it
  • I think you’d have liked him
  • I will put you in touch with him

LESSON 79 DIALOGUE 

– Party Time –

Learn English – Lesson 79 – Party Time

Sophie and John’s party is in full swing and everyone is enjoying themselves. The drinks are flowing freely and the buffet, that the couple spent hours slaving over, is going down very well, especially the vol-au-vents. Sophie and Julia have found themselves a little corner of the kitchen to gather together and catch up with each others news.

Sophie: I’m surprised I never caught that horrid flu that you had. We had so many people come to the hospital sick as dogs.

Julia: Well it was pretty awful. I’ve never felt so bad in my life. On a plus side, if you hadn’t postponed your party, there was no way we could have made it.

Sophie: John said there was no way we weren’t having a party. He loves all this hosting. I think he likes showing off a bit, especially with the house and all. He’s like a big child at times, what with all his boys toys. I had to buy him a Scalectrix for Christmas, he wouldn’t shut up about the thing.

Julia: I don’t think he’s finished yet. I heard him talking to Paul about it. I’m sure they’ve gone upstairs to have a play of it.

Sophie: That wouldn’t surprise me at all. He said he wanted to clear out the attic so he can set up a giant race track. What am I going to do with him?

Julia: I say that you let him get on with it. It’ll be your trump card when you want to get that patio. He won’t be able to say no when you suggest that gazebo too.

Sophie: That’s a good point. It’s his birthday next month so that’ll be an easy present to buy.

Julia: When were you looking to start work on the patio?

Sophie: I was thinking in March. That way I can plant some nice flowers and it will be ready before the summer.

Julia: I’m sure it’ll look great. The house is beautiful, by the way. You did well to get it so cheap.

Sophie: I know. Our agent is brilliant. We invited him to the party but he couldn’t make it. I wish you could have met him. I think you’d have liked him. Still, if you decide to invest in some property I will put you in touch with him.

Julia: Oh, I don’t think that’ll be for a while. I have some boxes to tick with regards to travelling that I really want to get out of the way before I commit to a mortgage. Me and Steph have booked a couple of weeks in the Maldives in August. We’re just finishing paying that off.

Sophie: Very nice! I suggested The Maldives to John, but he said he wanted to go where the people were, Rome or the like. We ended up going to the South of France, which was beautiful. No holidays for us for a while now though.

Julia: I’m sure, but you have a beautiful house. You‘ll have this for life.

Sophie and Julia chatted for a bit longer before returning to the party. Steph was being chatted up by one of John and Sophie’s co-workers whilst John himself had disappeared with several of the guests, likely playing the boy racer on his Scalectrix. The girls clinked their glasses of wine together and smiled on at everyone enjoying themselves. Another successful party!

COMPREHENSION QUIZZES (3 to complete)

Interactive Video Comprehension Quiz 1

Summary Statements Comprehension Quiz 2

Drag and Drop Quiz 3: 

GRAMMAR PRACTICE – REPORTED SPEECH

Today we are going to work on the “reported speech”. It is a structure we use when we wish to mention something someone has said. Generally, to “convert” a phrase from the “direct speech” to a “reported speech”, we have to make some changes:

 
  • We introduce something that has been said. Verbs often used are:
SAYTELLMENTIONWONDERTHINK
EXPLAINSUGGESTPROMISEWANT TO KNOWAGREE TO
ASKBELIEVEADMITAPOLOGISEDISCOURAGE

These verbs are followed by “THAT” (He said that…) but it is not always necessary (He said…)

Time and Space Changes


  • We change the expressions of time and space.
Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
NowAt that moment, then
TonightThat night
TodayThat day
Last nightThe night before
This morningThat morning
This weekThat week
Next weekThe following week
Next yearThe year after
HereThere

Verb Tense Changes


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  • We change the tense of the main verb: the verb tense generally goes back one tense. It is not always necessary to change the verb tense when the main phrase is in the present: if the information is still true.
Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
Present SimplePresent Simple OR past simple
Present ContinuousPast Continuous
Present PerfectPast Perfect
Past SimplePast Perfect
Past PerfectPast Perfect
Past Perfect ContinuousPast Perfect Continuous
Future (WILL)Simple Conditional (WOULD)
Future PerfectSimple Conditional Perfect

Other Changes


  • Other changes to be made include modal verbs:
Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
CAN: can never understand him when he speaks.COULD: She said that she could never understand him when he spoke.
MAY: may have to leave the party early.MIGHT: He said that he might have to leave the party early.
WILL: will have more spare time next year.WOULD: He said that he would have more spare time the year after.
MUST: must wait for him here.HAD TO: She said that she had to wait for him there.

“Should” and “Might” stay the same both in direct speech and indirect speech.

Common mistakes to be avoided involve questions:

When we “convert” a direct question into the indirect speech, DO or DID disappear, and the SUBJECT precedes the VERB. The question mark also disappears.

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
“Where is she living now?”She wondered where she was living at that moment.
“What is the time?”He asked what the time was.He asked what the time is.
“Where do they come from?”She asked where they came from.

Examples


Here are some examples of changes made from direct speech to indirect speech:

 Direct speechIndirect speech
PRESENT SIMPLE“He always arrives late”, Julia commented.Julia said that he always arrived late.Julia said he always arrives late.
PRESENT CONTINUOUSJane said “I am now going to the gym this afternoon.”Jane said that she was then going to the gym. Jane said that she is now going to the gym.
PRESENT PERFECTHe thought « I have definitely been here before”He thought that he had definitely been there before.
PAST SIMPLEHenry said “I slept ten hours last nightHenry said he had slept ten hours the night before.
PAST PERFECTI had been here beforeI said that I had been there before.
PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUSWe have been studying English for the last five years.They said they had been studying English for the last five years/for five years.
FUTUREI will move to France next year if things go well.He said that he would move to France the year after if things went well.
FUTURE PERFECTwill have learned a lot thanks to this course.She said that she would have learned a lot thanks to that course.

PRONUNCIATION PRACTICE 

  • Related Pronunciation Video Lesson and interactive exercise(s):

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