Lesson 82 – Allergies – Verbs + -ING Form

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IN YOUR LANGUAGE (Top right > Select language > Click on the flags).


  • There are many arguments
  • Why so many people are
  • Developing adverse reactions to
  • Certain types of food
  • It may be due to
  • The increased use of
  • Preservatives
  • Artificial flavourings
  • The production process
  • It is important that
  • Informed of all aspects of
  • The food making process
  • It is insisted upon
  • To follow labeling laws
  • To inform consumers
  • They contain major allergens
  • By-products
  • Food has been prepared
  • To cause severe reactions
  • Tree nut allergies
  • More commonly known
  • Brazil nuts
  • Cashews
  • Chestnuts
  • Hazelnuts
  • Macadamia nuts
  • Pecans
  • Pistachios
  • Pine nuts
  • Walnuts
  • An allergic reaction
  • Those who suffer from allergies
  • To avoid this nut family altogether
  • Pesto
  • Marzipan
  • Nutella
  • Baklava
  • Pralines
  • Nougat
  • Cereals
  • Crackers
  • Cookies
  • Baked goods
  • Granola bar
  • Flavoured coffee
  • Frozen desserts
  • Marinades
  • Barbecue sauces
  • The necessity to label foods
  • Shellfish allergies
  • One of the most commonly known
  • Anaphylaxis
  • It is advised that
  • To have quick access to
  • An epinephrine auto-injector
  • To prevent a reaction
  • Ingredient labels
  • To avoid touching
  • Fish market
  • Barnacle
  • Crab
  • Crawfish
  • Krill
  • Lobster
  • Prawns
  • Shrimp
  • Wheat and gluten intolerance
  • It should be noted
  • To differ from each other
  • Most common amongst children
  • To dissipate
  • Predominant
  • It can be quite a challenge
  • Amaranth
  • Barley
  • Corn
  • Oat
  • Quinoa
  • Rice
  • Rye
  • Tapioca
  • Overreaction
  • The immune system
  • Food protein
  • Rashes
  • Swelling
  • Wheeze
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Small intestine
  • Digestive disease
  • Serious complications
  • Malnutrition
  • Intestinal damage
  • If left untreated



Learn English – Lesson 82 – Allergies

There are many arguments and ideas as to why so many people are developing adverse reactions to certain types of food these days. Some suggest GM foods whilst others think it may be due to the increased use of preservatives and artificial flavourings used in the production process. Whatever the reasons may be, it is important that the public is informed of all aspects of the food making produce. It is insisted upon that companies follow labeling laws that require food products to clearly inform consumers if their products contain major allergens or by-products of major allergens as well as warning customers when food has been prepared around certain allergens that have been known to cause severe reactions.

Tree nut allergies is one of the more commonly known reactions. Tree nuts include Brazil nuts, cashews, chestnuts, hazelnuts, macadamia nuts, pecans, pistachios, pine nuts, and walnuts and although some of these nuts may not trigger an allergic reaction, those who suffer from allergies to just one or two of them are asked to avoid this nut family altogether. Foods that almost always contain tree nuts include pesto, marzipan, Nutella, baklava, pralines, nougat, and turrón. Whilst other foods may contain nuts including cereals, crackers, cookies, baked goods, chocolates, granola bars, flavoured coffee, frozen desserts, marinades and barbecue sauces. Hence, the necessity to label foods clearly and concisely.

Shellfish allergies are probably one of the most commonly known of all food allergies. Shellfish can cause severe allergic reactions (such as anaphylaxis). Therefore it is advised that people with shellfish allergies have quick access to an epinephrine auto-injector at all times. To prevent a reaction, strict avoidance of shellfish and shellfish products is essential. Always read ingredient labels to identify shellfish ingredients. In addition, avoid touching shellfish, going to the fish market, and being in an area where shellfish are being cooked. Avoid foods that contain shellfish such as Barnacle, Crab, Crawfish, Krill, Lobster, Prawns, and Shrimp.

Some of the newest kids on the block is wheat and gluten intolerance, though it should be noted that these intolerances differ from each other. Wheat allergy is most common amongst children and can usually dissipate as the child ages. Being that wheat is the predominant grain product, avoidance of products containing wheat can be quite a challenge. Although, there are many alternative grain products on the market such as amaranth, barley, corn, oat, quinoa, rice, rye, and tapioca.

A food allergy is an overreaction of the immune system to a specific food protein. Symptoms from this reaction can range from mild to severe, from rashes and swelling to wheezing and loss of consciousness. Coeliac/Celiac disease, also known as Gluten Intolerance, affects the small intestine. It is a digestive disease that can cause serious complications, including malnutrition and intestinal damage, if left untreated. Individuals with coeliac disease must avoid gluten, found in wheat, rye, barley and sometimes oats.

Should you suffer from a wheat allergy, or suspect that you do, you should avoid foods that contain wheat or ingredients such as Cereal extract, Couscous, Cracker meal, Durum, Flour (all purpose, bread, cake, durum, enriched, graham, high gluten, high protein, instant, pastry, self-rising, soft wheat, steel ground, stone ground, whole wheat), Pasta, Semolina,and Spelt.

Always remember to read ingredient labels carefully, even if you would not expect the product to contain wheat. Wheat has been found in some brands of ice cream, marinara sauce, potato chips, rice cakes, and hot dogs. And may also be found in ale, baking mixes, baked products, batter-fried foods, beer, breaded foods, breakfast cereals, candy, crackers, processed meats, salad dressings, sauces, soups, and soy sauce.



Interactive Video Comprehension Quiz 1

Summary Statements Comprehension Quiz 2

Drag and Drop Quiz 3: 



Today, we are going to go through the list of verbs + gerund:

To admit He admitted eating all the pie.
To avoid She avoided driving at night.
To bear It doesn’t bear thinking about.
To confess They confessed to stealing the car.
To consider He considered asking for her phone number.
To delay He delayed doing his taxes.
To deny She denied having another to do it with.
To enjoy He enjoyed cooking for everyone.
Can’t help He couldn’t help thinking he was missing out on something.
To fancy They fancied watching a film.
To finish I’ve finished cleaning the house.
To go on He went on about catching the biggest fish.
To give up She gave up trying to convince him of the truth.
To imagine I never imagined having such a wonderful family.
To keep on He kept on singing even though the audience booed.
To like I liked performing in the theatre when I was young.
To love They love talking about their children.
To hate He hated living in the city.
To mind I don’t mind looking after the children.
To need He needs talking to before he gets into trouble.
To postpone We’ll have to postpone playing pool tonight.
To put off He put off washing the dishes til later.
To practise I must practise speaking English
To risk If we don’t hurry we’ll risk missing the train.
To stand He stood waiting at the bus stop
To stop Stop wasting my time!
To suggest I suggest turning the lights off to save electricity.
To try He tried moving the box but it was too heavy.



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